PANDANUS Project  
Sida rhombifolia L. in Pandanus database of Indian plant names
 ?  Pandanus Homepage  ?  Database of Plants  ?  Publications  ?  Sanskrit E-texts  ?  Seminar of Indian Studies  ?
 

  Sida rhombifolia L. details in Pandanus database of Indian plant names

Back to the list of plant names 

 
 Latin nameSida rhombifolia L.
 FamilyMalvaceae
 Identified with (Lat)Sida retusa L., Malva rhombifolia (L.) E.H.L.Krause
 Identified with (Skt)atibalā
 Identified with (Hin)barelā, lālbarelā
 Identified with (Ben)??vetabe?elā, ??vetabalā, p?tabe?elā, p?tabalā
 Identified with (Tam)cittamutti, ku?unt?ᚭᚭi, yā?aikku?unt?ᚭᚭi, mayirmā?ikkam v??aippācai
 Identified with (Mal)vanku?unt?ᚭᚭi
 Identified with (Eng)Arrowleaf sida, Indian hemp
 Botanical infoAn annual or perennial undershrub, yellow or white flowers, grows all over India.
 Search occurrenceatibalā, in the Pandanus database of Sanskrit e-texts
 See plant's imageSida rhombifolia L. in Google image search
 Encyclopedias &
 Dictionaries

Monier-Williams: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary (p. 12)
atibala, mfn. very strong or powerful; as, m. an active soldier; N. of a king; (ā), f. a medicinal plant (Sidonia Cordifolia and Rhombifolia, or Annona Squamosa); N. of a powerful charm; of one of Daksha's daughters.

Dymock, Warden, Hooper: Pharmacographia Indica (vol. I, pp. 206-207)
Sida carpinifolia, Sida cordifolia, Sida rhombifolia, Sida spinosa, Malvaceae
The plants belonging to this genus are known in Sanskrit by the general name Bala. Five kinds of Bala are mentioned in by Sanskrit medical writers under the name of Pancha-bala, viz., Bala, Nāgabala, Mahabala, Atibala and Rajabala. The Hindus regard the roots of the different species of Sida as cooling, astringent and tonic; they prescribe them in nervous and urinary diseases, and in fever. The root bark is beaten up with milk and sugar, and aromatics and stimulants are sometimes added. (For original presciptions, see Dutt's "Hindu Materia Medica," p. 121.) In the Concan the leaves of S. cordifolia (Chikana) with other cooling leaves are applied in ophthalmia; the root-juice is used to promote the healing of wounds, and the juice of the whole plant pounded with a little water is given in 1/4 seer doses for gonorrhoea. The root of S. carpinifolia (Tupkaria) is applied with sparrow's dung to burst boils. The Mahometans consider Bala to be aphrodisiac. Ainslie notices several species of Sida, and the uses to which they are applied by the Hindus. The author of the Bengal Dispensatory, after a trial of the roots of Sida carpinifolia, was unable to satisfy himself as to its febrifuge action, but it was found to promote perspiration, to increase the appetite, and to act as a useful bitter tonic. In Goa the Portuguese value it as a diuretic, especially in rheumatic affections; they also use it as a demulcent in gonorrhoea. In Pudukota the plant of S. humilis, Willd., is ground with onions and administered with for gonorrhoea. Its Tamil name is Pelambaci. S. rhombifolia is called in Australia "Queensland Hemo," and in N.-S. Wales "Lucerne," as cows are very fond of it. It is also called "Jelly-leaf" on account of its mucilaginous nature. In the various species of Sida we have dumulcent and emollient properties combined with bitterness.


 
(c) 1998-2009 Seminar of Indian Studies, Institute of South and Central Asia, Faculty of Arts, Charles University. Development of this database of Indian plant names was made possible by the generous funding of the Grant Agency of Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.